Center for the Study of
Carbon Dioxide and Global Change
P.O. Box 25697
Tempe, AZ 85285
Science and Environmental Policy Project
1600 South Eads Street, # 712-S
Arlington, VA 22202
Read Climate Change Reconsidered II: Physical Science for free online by using the links below. These were updated onOctober 17, 2013; the updates consisted of completing the source citations for figures, copyediting, and formatting. No substantive changes were made to the content, but these updates did change pagination, so when citing the book please use the correct version for proper page references.
Forward and Preface
Chapter 1. Global Climate Models
Chapter 2. Forcings and Feedbacks
Chapter 3. Solar Forcing of Climate
Chapter 4. Observations: Temperature
Chapter 5. Observations: The Cryosphere
Chapter 6. Observations: The Hydrosphere
Chapter 7. Observations: Extreme Weather
Appendix 1: Acronyms
Appendix 2: Authors Directory
The Summary for Policymakers was written in collaboration with the lead authors and approved by them. Because it is aimed at a larger popular audience than the book, it adds a discussion of the scientific method and the precautionary principle, a brief summary and critical analysis of each of the IPCC’s main lines of argument, and a brief set of recommendations for policymakers. We also recommend you review the separate Executive Summary.
CCR II: Physical Science is an independent, comprehensive, and authoritative report on the current state of climate science. It is the fourth in a series of scholarly reports produced by the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), an international network of climate scientists sponsored by three nonprofit organizations: Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP), and The Heartland Institute.
Previous volumes in the Climate Change Reconsidered series were published in 2008, 2009, and 2011. Those volumes along with separate executive summaries for the second and third reports are available for free online on this site.
Whereas the reports of the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warn of a dangerous human effect on climate, NIPCC concludes the human effect is likely to be small relative to natural variability, and whatever small warming is likely to occur will produce benefits as well as costs.
CCR-II consists of three parts: a Summary for Policy Makers (SPM), part one titled Physical Science, and part two titled Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerabilities. The SPM and Part One were released on September 17-18, 2013 in Chicago, Illinois USA. Additional release events took place the following weeks in Washington, DC, New York, Florida, St. Louis, England, Germany, Holland, and California. See the calendar feature in the right sidebar of this site for more event information.
In 2011, the Nongovernmental Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) published Climate Change Reconsidered: 2011 Interim Report, a 400-page report containing summaries and analysis of scientific research published since the original 2009 edition of Climate Change Reconsidered. While not as comprehensive as the 2009 report, the Interim Report contains reviews of nearly 1,000 new research studies covering subjects including computer models, forcings and feedbacks, paeloclimate and recent temperatures, and more.
According to the report, “natural causes are very likely to be [the] dominant” cause of climate change that took place in the twentieth and at the start of the twenty-first centuries. “We are not saying anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHG) cannot produce some warming or have not in the past. Our conclusion is that the evidence shows they are not playing a substantial role.”
This 880-page rebuttal of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), three years in the making, was released in June 2009 by The Heartland Institute. Coauthored and edited by S. Fred Singer, Ph.D., and Craig Idso, Ph.D. and produced with contributions and reviews by an international coalition of scientists, it provides an independent examination of the evidence available on the causes and consequences of climate change in the published, peer-reviewed literature examined without bias and selectivity. It includes many research papers ignored by the IPCC plus additional scientific results that became available after the IPCC deadline of May 2006.
In 2008, the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) released its first publication titled Nature, Not Human Activity, Controls the Climate. Written by 24 scientist from around the world and edited by distinguished climate scientists S. Fred Singer, the 50-page report offered an independent examination of the causes and consequences of climate change based on a review of in the published, peer-reviewed literature – examined without bias and selectivity. It included many research papers ignored by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), plus additional scientific results that became available after the IPCC deadline of May 2006.
The foundation for NIPCC was laid five years earlier when a small group of scientists from the United States and Europe met in Milan during one of the frequent UN climate conferences. But it got going only after a workshop held in Vienna in April 2007, with many more scientists, including some from the Southern Hemisphere. The NIPCC project was conceived and directed by Dr. S. Fred Singer, professor emeritus of environmental sciences at the University of Virginia.
NIPCC serves as the “Red Team” to the IPCC’s “Green Team.” Whereas the IPCC is pre-programmed by its mission and organization to produce reports to support the hypotheses of anthropogenic warming and the control of greenhouse gases, NIPCC has no institutional bias at all. It is what it’s name suggests: an international group of independent scientists seeking the truth about climate.
Click here for a free PDF of the entire report